Main and tracer elements

Numerous major and trace elements can be detected in water samples. The questions are as broad as the spectrum of elements. Targeted element analyses enable the quality of water to be determined by comparison with limit values, the detection and characterization of contaminated sites, the calculation of water hardness, the determination of the temperature of deep waters, etc. The geochemistry of raw materials, rocks or soils can also be analysed after acid digestion as a whole or specifically for individual components, such as the platinum group elements or elements of the rare earths.

We analyse both major and trace element contents in water samples and various fluids (thermal waters, outcrops, leachates). The element spectrum depends on the sample matrix and your question.

We will be pleased to advise you in order to determine the appropriate analysis for your investigations.

Multielement methods


Element spectrum



main elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg)

div. trace elements (e.g. Al, Au, Ag, As, B, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Pb, P, Rb, Zn, U)


ng/L to mg/L, ppt to ppm (depending on matrix/element)

Thermo Fisher


Major elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg)

Selected trace elements (e.g. Ba, Fe, Mn, S, Si, Sr)

also suitable for salt-heavy samples

µg /L to mg/L, ppb to ppm (depending on matrix/element)

Varian 715ES (radial)
iCAP 7400 (dual view), Thermo Fisher


Single element methods


Element spectrum


AAS (flame)

Single elements

especially Na, K, Ca, Mg

mg/L, ppm - range

AAnalyst 200,
Perkin Elmer

AAS (graphite furnace)

Single elements

e.g. Pb, Cd, Mn, As, Se

µg/L, ppb - range

AAnalyst 600, Perkin Elmer

AAS (hydride, FIAS)

Se, As

µg/L, ppb - range

FIMS 400, coupled with
AAnalyst 200. Perkin Elmer